Population

269,848

View trend

Population Density

12,559 people per km^{2}

View trend

Population Growth

3.26%

View trend

Area type

London Borough

Land area

21 square kilometres

Fertility rate

0.97

Birth rate

8.6

Death rate

5.0

internal migration

-1.8%

international migration

4.6%

The **population of Westminster is 269,848** according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates **we estimate the current 2022 population of Westminster to be 287,755**. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Westminster grew by an estimated 8,531 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 50,266. Compare population by area.

Westminster's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 3.3%, which is 0.9% higher than the average population growth rate in Westminster for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (2.3%).

Westminster covers an area of 21 square kilometres (8 square miles) and has a population density of 12,559 people per square kilometre (km^{2}), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 2,339 people per km^{2} over the past decade.

- Westminster's population of 269,848 is equivalent to 0.5% of England's 56,550,138 total population. Westminster is the 20th london borough in England (of 33 total) when ordered by total population.
- Westminster's population growth rate of 3.26% is 2.80% higher than England's current population growth rate of 0.47%. Westminster is the 3rd london borough in England (of 33 total) when ordered by population growth rate.
- Westminster's population density of 12,559 people per km
^{2}is 12,125 people per km^{2}higher than England's 434 people per km^{2}. Westminster is the 6th London Borough in England (of 33 total) when ordered by population density.

Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration out of Westminster was 4,757, and net international migration into Westminster was 12,324.

Westminster's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Westminster if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 0.97, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 8.6, led to population increases of 2,240 during the year, and Westminster's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 5.0 resulted in a 1,301 population decrease. In total, a net 939 person natural increase.

- Westminster's fertility rate of 0.97 is 0.62 lower than England's fertility rate of 1.59
- Westminster's birth rate of 8.6 births per thousand people is 2.1 lower than England's birth rate, and Westminster's death rate or mortality rate of 5.0 people per thousand is 5.0 lower than England's death rate
- Westminster's annual net international migration rate of 4.57% is above the English average of 0.4%

During the past decade, internal migration has fallen from a net outflow of 2,018 in 2011 to a net 4,757 outflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 5,734 in 2011 to an inflow of 12,324 in 2020.

The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 1,983 people in 2011 to 939 in 2020.

International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 147% of the total change in population (over 100% as other factors were net outflows).

Average salary

£61,666

Westminster Salary

Average rent

£2,528

Rental Market of Westminster

GDP

£ 74 billion

Westminster Economy

Westminster's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.

Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2020 | 269,848 | 3.26% | 12,559 |

2019 | 261,317 | 2.35% | 12,162 |

2018 | 255,324 | 4.30% | 11,883 |

2017 | 244,796 | 1.17% | 11,393 |

2016 | 241,974 | 1.65% | 11,261 |

2015 | 238,047 | 3.54% | 11,079 |

2014 | 229,899 | 2.04% | 10,699 |

2013 | 225,306 | 0.70% | 10,486 |

2012 | 223,737 | 1.89% | 10,413 |

2011 | 219,582 | 10,219 |

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Westminster's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.

The population of Westminster is forecast to be 276,986 in 2025 and 284,985 in 2030.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2023 | 273,149 | 0.95% | 12,712 |

2024 | 275,254 | 0.77% | 12,810 |

2025 | 276,986 | 0.63% | 12,891 |

2026 | 278,672 | 0.61% | 12,969 |

2027 | 280,332 | 0.60% | 13,047 |

2028 | 281,928 | 0.57% | 13,121 |

2029 | 283,477 | 0.55% | 13,193 |

2030 | 284,985 | 0.53% | 13,263 |

2031 | 286,442 | 0.51% | 13,331 |

2032 | 287,858 | 0.49% | 13,397 |

2033 | 289,287 | 0.50% | 13,463 |

2034 | 290,713 | 0.49% | 13,530 |

2035 | 292,105 | 0.48% | 13,595 |

2036 | 293,423 | 0.45% | 13,656 |

2037 | 294,700 | 0.44% | 13,715 |

2038 | 295,929 | 0.42% | 13,772 |

2039 | 297,143 | 0.41% | 13,829 |

2040 | 298,302 | 0.39% | 13,883 |

2041 | 299,395 | 0.37% | 13,934 |

2042 | 300,428 | 0.34% | 13,982 |

2043 | 301,411 | 0.33% | 14,028 |

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Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics