The population of Luton is 213,528 according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2022 population of Luton to be 214,483. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Luton grew by an estimated 476 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 9,887. Compare population by area.
Luton's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 0.2%, which is 0.3% lower than the average population growth rate in Luton for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (0.5%).
Luton covers an area of 43 square kilometres (17 square miles) and has a population density of 4,925 people per square kilometre (km2), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 228 people per km2 over the past decade.
Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration out of Luton was 3,039, and net international migration into Luton was 1,917.
Luton's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Luton if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 2.25, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 15.1, led to population increases of 3,219 during the year, and Luton's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 7.8 resulted in a 1,664 population decrease. In total, a net 1,555 person natural increase.
During the past decade, internal migration has fallen from a net outflow of 1,828 in 2011 to a net 3,039 outflow. International migration has fallen from a net inflow of 3,685 in 2011 to an inflow of 1,917 in 2020.
The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 2,351 people in 2011 to 1,555 in 2020.
International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 168% of the total change in population (over 100% as other factors were net outflows).
Luton's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.
Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.
Luton's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.
The population of Luton is forecast to be 209,233 in 2025 and 205,356 in 2030.
Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics