The population of Lancaster is 148,119 according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2022 population of Lancaster to be 152,370. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Lancaster grew by an estimated 2,081 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 10,296. Compare population by area.
Lancaster's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 1.4%, which is 0.6% higher than the average population growth rate in Lancaster for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (0.8%).
Lancaster covers an area of 576 square kilometres (222 square miles) and has a population density of 257 people per square kilometre (km2), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 18 people per km2 over the past decade.
Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration into Lancaster was 400, and net international migration into Lancaster was 1,943.
Lancaster's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Lancaster if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.37, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 9.0, led to population increases of 1,310 during the year, and Lancaster's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 10.4 resulted in a 1,523 population decrease. In total, a net 213 person natural decrease.
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During the past decade, internal migration has risen from a net inflow of 185 in 2011 to a net 400 inflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 1,482 in 2011 to an inflow of 1,943 in 2020.
The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 100 people in 2011 to -213 in 2020.
International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 107% of the total change in population (over 100% as other factors were net outflows).
Lancaster's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.
Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.
Lancaster's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.
The population of Lancaster is forecast to be 149,619 in 2025 and 153,203 in 2030.
Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics