Population

1,497,759

View trend

Population Density

432 people per km^{2}

View trend

Population Growth

0.58%

View trend

Area type

County

Land area

3,464 square kilometres

Fertility rate

1.66

Birth rate

10.5

Death rate

10.7

internal migration

0.4%

international migration

0.2%

The **population of Essex is 1,497,759** according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates **we estimate the current 2022 population of Essex to be 1,515,047**. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Essex grew by an estimated 8,570 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 101,160. Compare population by area.

Essex's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 0.6%, which is 0.2% lower than the average population growth rate in Essex for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (0.8%).

Essex covers an area of 3,464 square kilometres (1,338 square miles) and has a population density of 432 people per square kilometre (km^{2}), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 29 people per km^{2} over the past decade.

- Essex's population of 1,497,759 is equivalent to 2.6% of England's 56,550,138 total population. Essex is the 2nd county in England (of 24 total) when ordered by total population.
- Essex's population growth rate of 0.58% is 0.11% higher than England's current population growth rate of 0.47%. Essex is the 9th county in England (of 24 total) when ordered by population growth rate.
- Essex's population density of 432 people per km
^{2}is 2 people per km^{2}lower than England's 434 people per km^{2}. Essex is the 5th County in England (of 24 total) when ordered by population density.

Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration into Essex was 5,661, and net international migration into Essex was 2,895.

Essex's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Essex if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.66, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 10.5, led to population increases of 15,704 during the year, and Essex's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 10.7 resulted in a 15,931 population decrease. In total, a net 227 person natural decrease.

- Essex's fertility rate of 1.66 is 0.07 higher than England's fertility rate of 1.59
- Essex's birth rate of 10.5 births per thousand people is 0.2 lower than England's birth rate, and Essex's death rate or mortality rate of 10.7 people per thousand is 0.7 higher than England's death rate
- Essex's annual net international migration rate of 0.19% is below the English average of 0.4%

During the past decade, internal migration has risen from a net inflow of 3,774 in 2011 to a net 5,661 inflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 2,148 in 2011 to an inflow of 2,895 in 2020.

The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 3,606 people in 2011 to -227 in 2020.

Internal migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 51% of the total change in population.

*Data for internal migration is not available for 2012*

Average salary

£36,281

Essex Salary

Average rent

£1,010

Rental Market of Essex

GDP

£ 42 billion

Essex Economy

Essex's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.

Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2020 | 1,497,759 | 0.58% | 432 |

2019 | 1,489,189 | 0.77% | 430 |

2018 | 1,477,764 | 0.65% | 427 |

2017 | 1,468,177 | 0.70% | 424 |

2016 | 1,457,910 | 0.87% | 421 |

2015 | 1,445,323 | 0.84% | 417 |

2014 | 1,433,282 | 1.11% | 414 |

2013 | 1,417,596 | 0.75% | 409 |

2012 | 1,407,084 | 0.75% | 406 |

2011 | 1,396,599 | 403 |

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Essex's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.

The population of Essex is forecast to be 1,542,867 in 2025 and 1,580,618 in 2030.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2023 | 1,526,137 | 0.59% | 441 |

2024 | 1,534,708 | 0.56% | 443 |

2025 | 1,542,867 | 0.53% | 445 |

2026 | 1,550,879 | 0.52% | 448 |

2027 | 1,558,589 | 0.50% | 450 |

2028 | 1,566,135 | 0.48% | 452 |

2029 | 1,573,456 | 0.47% | 454 |

2030 | 1,580,618 | 0.46% | 456 |

2031 | 1,587,577 | 0.44% | 458 |

2032 | 1,594,367 | 0.43% | 460 |

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Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics