The population of Essex is 1,497,759 according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2022 population of Essex to be 1,515,047. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Essex grew by an estimated 8,570 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 101,160. Compare population by area.
Essex's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 0.6%, which is 0.2% lower than the average population growth rate in Essex for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (0.8%).
Essex covers an area of 3,464 square kilometres (1,338 square miles) and has a population density of 432 people per square kilometre (km2), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 29 people per km2 over the past decade.
Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration into Essex was 5,661, and net international migration into Essex was 2,895.
Essex's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Essex if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.66, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 10.5, led to population increases of 15,704 during the year, and Essex's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 10.7 resulted in a 15,931 population decrease. In total, a net 227 person natural decrease.
During the past decade, internal migration has risen from a net inflow of 3,774 in 2011 to a net 5,661 inflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 2,148 in 2011 to an inflow of 2,895 in 2020.
The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 3,606 people in 2011 to -227 in 2020.
Internal migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 51% of the total change in population.
Data for internal migration is not available for 2012
Essex's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.
Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.
Essex's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.
The population of Essex is forecast to be 1,542,867 in 2025 and 1,580,618 in 2030.