The population of England is 56,550,138 according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2022 population of England to be 57,080,189. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in England grew by an estimated 263,177 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 3,442,969. Compare population by area.
England's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 0.5%, which is 0.2% lower than the average population growth rate in England for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (0.7%).
England covers an area of 130,309 square kilometres (50,312 square miles) and has a population density of 434 people per square kilometre (km2), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 26 people per km2 over the past decade.
Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration out of England was 20,293, and net international migration into England was 231,114.
England's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in England if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.59, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 10.7, led to population increases of 604,953 during the year, and England's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 10.0 resulted in a 560,582 population decrease. In total, a net 44,371 person natural increase.
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During the past decade, internal migration has fallen from a net outflow of 4,597 in 2011 to a net 20,293 outflow. International migration has fallen from a net inflow of 235,008 in 2011 to an inflow of 231,114 in 2020.
The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 233,091 people in 2011 to 44,371 in 2020.
International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 60% of the total change in population.
England's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.
Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.
England's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.
The population of England is forecast to be 58,060,235 in 2025 and 59,181,798 in 2030.
Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics