The population of England and Wales is 59,641,829 according to mid-2021 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2023 population of England and Wales to be 60,170,000. In the year between mid-2020 and mid-2021, the population in England and Wales fell by an estimated 77,895 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2021, the population grew by 3,074,033. Compare population by area.
England and Wales's population growth rate between mid-2020 and mid-2021 was -0.1%, which is 0.7% lower than the average population growth rate in England and Wales for the ten years prior to mid-2021 (0.6%).
England and Wales covers an area of 151,046 square kilometres (58,319 square miles) and has a population density of 395 people per square kilometre (km2), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2021. That figure has increased by 20 people per km2 over the past decade.
Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration out of England and Wales was 7,425, and net international migration into England and Wales was 241,060.
England and Wales's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in England and Wales if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.61, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 10.7, led to population increases of 634,364 during the year, and England and Wales's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 10.0 resulted in a 596,401 population decrease. In total, a net 37,963 person natural increase.
** Internal migration data is not available for England and Wales at a Country level.
During the past decade, internal migration has fallen from a net outflow of 1,264 in 2011 to a net 7,425 outflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 155,472 in 2011 to an inflow of 241,060 in 2021.
The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 238,162 people in 2011 to 37,963 in 2021.
International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 61% of the total change in population.
England and Wales Salary
Rental Market of England and Wales
England and Wales Economy
England and Wales's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.
Figures reported by the ONS in 2022.
Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2022. Data sources: ONS Local statistics