Population

500,821

View trend

Population Density

74 people per km^{2}

View trend

Population Growth

0.21%

View trend

Area type

County

Land area

6,767 square kilometres

Fertility rate

1.64

Birth rate

8.3

Death rate

12.9

internal migration

0.4%

international migration

0.1%

The **population of Cumbria is 500,821** according to mid-2021 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates we estimate the current 2023 population of Cumbria to be 501,000. In the year between mid-2020 and mid-2021, the population in Cumbria grew by an estimated 1,040 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2021, the population grew by 1,616. Compare population by area.

Cumbria's population growth rate between mid-2020 and mid-2021 was 0.2%, which is 0.2% higher than the average population growth rate in Cumbria for the ten years prior to mid-2021 (0.0%).

Cumbria covers an area of 6,767 square kilometres (2,613 square miles) and has a population density of 74 people per square kilometre (km^{2}), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2021. That figure has increased by 0 people per km^{2} over the past decade.

- Cumbria's population of 500,821 is equivalent to 0.9% of England's 56,536,419 total population. Cumbria is the 24th county in England (of 24 total) when ordered by total population.
- Cumbria's population growth rate of 0.21% is 0.12% lower than England's current population growth rate of 0.33%. Cumbria is the 17th county in England (of 24 total) when ordered by population growth rate.
- Cumbria's population density of 74 people per km
^{2}is 361 people per km^{2}lower than England's 435 people per km^{2}. Cumbria is the 24th County in England (of 24 total) when ordered by population density.

Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration into Cumbria was 1,783, and net international migration into Cumbria was 261.

Cumbria's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Cumbria if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.64, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 8.3, led to population increases of 4,143 during the year, and Cumbria's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 12.9 resulted in a 6,440 population decrease. In total, a net 2,297 person natural decrease.

- Cumbria's fertility rate of 1.64 is 0.02 higher than England's fertility rate of 1.62
- Cumbria's birth rate of 8.3 births per thousand people is 2.4 lower than England's birth rate, and Cumbria's death rate or mortality rate of 12.9 people per thousand is 2.9 higher than England's death rate
- Cumbria's annual net international migration rate of 0.05% is below the English average of 0.4%

During the past decade, internal migration has risen from a net outflow of 0 in 2011 to a net 1,783 inflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 167 in 2011 to an inflow of 261 in 2021.

The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of -258 people in 2011 to -2,297 in 2021.

Internal migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 1,384% of the total change in population (over 100% as other factors were net outflows).

*Data for internal migration is not available for 2012*

Average salary

£35,815

Cumbria Salary

Average rent

£565

Rental Market of Cumbria

GDP

£ 13 billion

Cumbria Economy

Cumbria's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.

Figures reported by the ONS in 2022.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2021 | 500,821 | 0.21% | 74 |

2020 | 499,781 | -0.05% | 74 |

2019 | 500,012 | 0.23% | 74 |

2018 | 498,888 | 0.10% | 74 |

2017 | 498,375 | -0.08% | 74 |

2016 | 498,793 | 0.04% | 74 |

2015 | 498,581 | 0.04% | 74 |

2014 | 498,376 | -0.02% | 74 |

2013 | 498,499 | -0.14% | 74 |

2012 | 499,205 | 74 |

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Cumbria's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.

The population of Cumbria is forecast to be 500,643 in 2025 and 500,056 in 2030.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2023 | 500,513 | 74 | |

2024 | 500,619 | 0.02% | 74 |

2025 | 500,643 | 0.00% | 74 |

2026 | 500,614 | -0.01% | 74 |

2027 | 500,533 | -0.02% | 74 |

2028 | 500,418 | -0.02% | 74 |

2029 | 500,266 | -0.03% | 74 |

2030 | 500,056 | -0.04% | 74 |

2031 | 499,809 | -0.05% | 74 |

2032 | 499,567 | -0.05% | 74 |

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Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2022. Data sources: ONS Local statistics