Population

197,200

View trend

Population Density

599 people per km^{2}

View trend

Population Growth

1.28%

View trend

Area type

Non-metropolitan District

Land area

329 square kilometres

Fertility rate

1.44

Birth rate

10.7

Death rate

8.3

internal migration

0.3%

international migration

0.6%

The **population of Colchester is 197,200** according to mid-2020 population figures published by the ONS. Based on recent growth rates **we estimate the current 2022 population of Colchester to be 202,284**. In the year between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the population in Colchester grew by an estimated 2,494 people, and in the ten years prior to mid-2020, the population grew by 23,586. Compare population by area.

Colchester's population growth rate between mid-2019 and mid-2020 was 1.3%, which is 0.1% lower than the average population growth rate in Colchester for the ten years prior to mid-2020 (1.4%).

Colchester covers an area of 329 square kilometres (127 square miles) and has a population density of 599 people per square kilometre (km^{2}), based on the latest population estimates taken in mid-2020. That figure has increased by 72 people per km^{2} over the past decade.

- Colchester's population of 197,200 is equivalent to 0.3% of England's 56,550,138 total population. Colchester is the 2nd non-metropolitan district in England (of 181 total) when ordered by total population.
- Colchester's population growth rate of 1.28% is 0.81% higher than England's current population growth rate of 0.47%. Colchester is the 17th non-metropolitan district in England (of 181 total) when ordered by population growth rate.
- Colchester's population density of 599 people per km
^{2}is 165 people per km^{2}higher than England's 434 people per km^{2}. Colchester is the 61st Non-metropolitan District in England (of 181 total) when ordered by population density.

Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, net internal migration into Colchester was 604, and net international migration into Colchester was 1,278.

Colchester's fertility rate (the total number of children that would be born to the average woman in Colchester if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years) of 1.44, and birth rate (the number of live births per thousand of population per year) of 10.7, led to population increases of 2,075 during the year, and Colchester's death rate or mortality rate (the number of deaths per thousand of population per year) of 8.3 resulted in a 1,607 population decrease. In total, a net 468 person natural increase.

- Colchester's fertility rate of 1.44 is 0.15 lower than England's fertility rate of 1.59
- Colchester's birth rate of 10.7 births per thousand people is 0.0 lower than England's birth rate, and Colchester's death rate or mortality rate of 8.3 people per thousand is 1.7 lower than England's death rate
- Colchester's annual net international migration rate of 0.65% is above the English average of 0.4%

During the past decade, internal migration has risen from a net inflow of 477 in 2011 to a net 604 inflow. International migration has risen from a net inflow of 1,020 in 2011 to an inflow of 1,278 in 2020.

The natural increase in population, due to births and deaths, has fallen from an annual net increase of 825 people in 2011 to 468 in 2020.

International migration was the largest driver of population change over the past decade, representing circa 41% of the total change in population.

Average salary

£38,339

Colchester Salary

Average rent

£884

Rental Market of Colchester

GDP

£ 5.1 billion

Colchester Economy

Colchester's population, population density, and population growth rate, over the past decade.

Figures reported by the ONS in 2021.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2020 | 197,200 | 1.28% | 599 |

2019 | 194,706 | 1.13% | 592 |

2018 | 192,523 | 1.28% | 585 |

2017 | 190,098 | 1.31% | 578 |

2016 | 187,633 | 1.47% | 570 |

2015 | 184,916 | 2.18% | 562 |

2014 | 180,973 | 1.67% | 550 |

2013 | 177,993 | 1.03% | 541 |

2012 | 176,185 | 1.48% | 535 |

2011 | 173,614 | 528 |

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Colchester's forecast, population density, and population growth rate, over the next twenty years. Figures reported by the ONS in 2018.

The population of Colchester is forecast to be 206,470 in 2025 and 214,094 in 2030.

Year | Population | Growth rate | Population Density |
---|---|---|---|

2023 | 202,987 | 0.91% | 617 |

2024 | 204,764 | 0.88% | 622 |

2025 | 206,470 | 0.83% | 627 |

2026 | 208,137 | 0.81% | 632 |

2027 | 209,755 | 0.78% | 637 |

2028 | 211,272 | 0.72% | 642 |

2029 | 212,708 | 0.68% | 646 |

2030 | 214,094 | 0.65% | 651 |

2031 | 215,437 | 0.63% | 655 |

2032 | 216,678 | 0.58% | 658 |

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Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics