The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in England was worth an estimated £1.9 trillion in 2019, according to figures published by the ONS. England's GDP growth between 2018 and 2019 was 3.5% per year. Compare GDP by area.
The Health industry is the largest in England based on the number of jobs, accounting for 12.9% of roles in the area.
2019 ONS figures suggest that there are 30,999,000 jobs in England, which has a working-age (aged 16-65) population of 35,233,879. The 2019 job density in England is 0.88, meaning there are 0.88 jobs per member of the England working-age population.
England had a mean average salary for full-time employees of £38,876 in 2021. England's unemployment rate is 5.2% as of 2021. Compare unemployment rate by area.
The 2019 labour force or working-age population in England is 35,233,879 or 62.3% of the total population.
In 2021, 94.8% of the labour market was recorded as employed. Of those employed, 12.9% are self-employed, and 87.1% are employees.
The Annual Population Survey for 2020 published by the ONS reports the percentage of the England working-age (aged 16-64) population who have a degree or higher is 42.8%
Over 61% of the England working-age population have at least 2 A-levels (or equivalent), and 6% have no qualifications.
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Main page: England Salary
The average salary in England as of 2021 is £38,876. Between 2020 and 2021, average salaries fell by £576. Compare average salaries by area.
England's salary growth rate is -1.46% per year based on changes in average salary between 2020 and 2021, which is 1.46% lower than the average salary growth rate in England over the past 9 years.
In England, the highest average wages are found in London where the average salary is £53,717 and the lowest average wages are found in North East England where the average salary is £31,715. The difference in average salary between the two areas is £22,002 - the average person in London earns 69.4% more than the average person in North East England.
Business data published by the ONS in 2020 show the most common job group in England is Business & Public Service Assoc. Professionals, accounting for 8% of all roles in the area.
The fastest-growing type of job in England is Science, Research, Engineering And Technology Profs, with roles increasing 13% between July 2020 and July 2021.
|Business & Public Service Assoc. Professionals||2,288,900||8.5%||6.0%|
|Corporate Managers And Directors||2,225,900||8.2%||-6.0%|
|Elementary Administration & Service Occs||2,013,500||7.4%||-13.2%|
|Science, Research, Engineering And Technology Profs||1,926,600||7.1%||13.1%|
There was a 2% decrease in roles between 2019 and 2020.
Based on the total number of jobs, the largest industry in England is Health.
Financial & Insurance companies make up 3% of the England economy.
5% of the total jobs in England are in Information and Communication - one of the key sectors for the future.
|Professional, Scientific & Technical||2,428,000||9.1%|
|Business Administration & Support||2,335,000||8.8%|
The fastest-growing industry in England is Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing, with jobs in the sector increasing 5% between 2019 and 2020 from 357,000 to 375,000.
The industry with the biggest decline in England between 2019 and 2020 was Arts, entertainment & recreation, which saw an 8% decrease in roles, going from 1,253,000 to 1,151,000.
The Information and communication industry includes many of the top companies of the future. In England, the number of roles in this sector has risen by 1% over the past year.
2021 UK Business Count data published by the ONS show there are 9,305 large businesses in England, making up 0.4% of total businesses. A large business is defined as having over 250 employees.
There are 36,285 medium-sized businesses based in England, making up 1.5% of total businesses. A medium-sized business is defined as having between 50 and 249 employees.
There are 199,325 small businesses based in England, making up 8.3% of total businesses. A small business is defined as having between 10 and 49 employees.
England's unemployment rate is 5.2% Unemployment rates are the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the working-age population.
The main group within the unemployment population is Student, representing 28.9% of the unemployed population.
Secondary classifications include groups: looking after family, long-term sick, retired, other, all of which represent over 10% of the unemployed population.
Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.3.0. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2021. Data sources: ONS Local statistics